Richmond Practice - Paediatric ultrasound

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Paediatric ultrasound

Paediatric ultrasound scans can help diagnose problems in children that we can then treat with relative ease, if detected early.

These are the paediatric scans we can provide at Richmond Practice:

Ultrasound screening for congenital dislocation of the hip

Hip screens undertaken in the first weeks of life, for example, help us diagnose developmental dysplasia. This condition ranges from complete dislocation of the hip through to some shallowness of the hip joint socket. It is a condition that, if left untreated, leads to a physical disability in the child's hips and back. Hip dysplasia affects approximately 1 in 1,000 babies and a hip ultrasound reliably detects the problem. When found early, giving the child a harness to wear will correct hip dysplasia. A later diagnosis usually requires surgery.

Ultrasound screening for congenital anomalies of the kidney

In newborns, kidney malformations leading to problems with the flow of urine do not usually cause any symptoms. However, over time, an incorrect flow of urine can cause severe damage to the kidneys. About 1 in 100 children will have an anomaly of their kidneys for which they may require treatment.

Ultrasound screening of the abdomen

Abdominal ultrasound in children is very helpful in cases of acute abdominal pain. We use it to detect:
  • Intestinal intussusceptions ~ a serious condition amounting to an entanglement of the intestines.
  • Appendicitis ~ young children with appendicitis often have early perforations that can be difficult to diagnose clinically without ultrasound.
  • Acute pancreatitis ~ rare in children, but often missed.
  • Chronic abdominal pain ~ in cases where children have chronic abdominal pain ultrasound can help to rule out a tumour.
  • Gallstones and kidney stones ~ seen in older children.
  • Excessive growth in girls ~ the only way to assess ovaries is with ultrasound.



 
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